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Coastal Mixing and Optics (CMO)

Ocean Physics Laboratory

CMO-Related Publications

Agrawal, Y.C., and H.C. Pottsmith, Laser diffraction particle sizing in STRESS, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1101-1121, 1994.

Agrawal, Y.C., H.C. Pottsmith, L. Zhang, J. Lynch, and J. Irish, Instruments for particle size and settling velocity observations in sediment transport, Mar. Geol., in revision, 1998.

Atkinson, L.P., J.L. Miller, T.N. Lee, and W.M. Dunstan, Nutrients and chlorophyll at the shelf break off the southeastern United States during the Genesis of Atlantic Lows Experiment: Winter 1986, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 20,565-20,578, 1996.

Baker, E.T. and J.W. Lavelle, The effect of particle size on the light attenuation coefficient of natural suspensions, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 8197-8203, 1984.

Barnard, A.H., W.S. Pegau, and J.R.V. Zaneveld, Global relationships of the inherent optical properties of the oceans, to be submitted, 1997.

Bartz, R., R.W. Spinrad, and J.C. Kitchen, A low power, high resolution, in situ fluorometer for profiling and moored applications in water, Ocean Optics IX, 925, 157-170, 1988.

Bidigare, R.R., M.E. Ondrusek, J.H. Morrow, and D.A. Kiefer, In vivo absorption properties of algal pigments, Ocean Optics X, 1302, 290-302, 1990.

Biscaye, P.E., R.F. Anderson, and B.L. Deck, Fluxes of particles and constituents to the eastern United States continental slope and rise: SEEP-I, Cont. Shelf Res., 8, 855-904, 1988.

Bogucki, D., T. Dickey, and L.G. Redekopp, Sediment resuspension and mixing by resonantly-generated Internal Solitary Waves, J. Phys. Ocean., 27, 1181-1196, 1997.

Bothner, M.H., C.M. Parmenter, and J.D. Milliman, Temporal and spatial variations in suspended matter in continental shelf and slope waters off the north-eastern United States, Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 13, 213-234, 1981.

Bothner, M.H., E.C. Spiker, P.P. Johnson, R.R. Rendigs, and P.J. Aruscavage, Geochemical evidence for modern sediment accumulation on the continental shelf off south New England, J. Sed. Pet., 51, 281-292, 1981.

Bourne, D.W. and C.S. Yentsch, Phytoplankton, primary production, and microbiology, in: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 210-212, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Boyd, T., M.D. Levine, and S.R. Grad, Mooring observations from the Mid-Atlantic Bight, Rep. Oregon State University 97-2-164, 226 pp., Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR, 1997.

Bricaud, A. and D. Stramski, Spectral absorption coefficients of living phytoplankton and nonalgal biogenous matter: A comparison between the Peru upwelling area and the Sargasso Sea, Limnol. Oceanogr., 35, 562-582, 1990.

Bricaud, A., M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: Analysis and parameterization, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 13,321-13,332, 1995.

Bricaud, A., C. Roesler, and J.R.V. Zaneveld, In situ methods for measuring the inherent optical properties of ocean waters, Limnol. Oceanogr., 40, 383-410, 1995.

Brink, K.H., B.A. Magnell, and M.A. Noble, Low-frequency currents and bottom-pressure variability, in: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 140-146, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Brody, E.A., M.C. O'Brien, and D.A. Siegel, Validation of in situ inherent optical properties in the Sargasso Sea, Ocean Optics XIII, in press, 1997.

Brown, W.S. and J.A. Moody, Tides, in: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 100-107, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Burrage, D.M. and R.W. Garvine, Summertime hydrography at the shelfbreak front in the Middle Atlantic Bight, J. Phys. Ocean., 18, 1309-1319, 1988.

Butman, B. and D.W. Folger, An instrument for long-term sediment transport studies on the continental shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 1215-1220, 1979.

Butman, B., M. Noble, and D.W. Folger, Long-term observations of bottom current and bottom sediment movement on the Mid-Atlantic continental shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 1187-1205, 1979.

Butman, B., R.C. Beardsley, B. Magnell, D. Frye, J.A. Vermersch, R. Schlitz, R. Limeburner, W.R. Wright, and M.A. Noble, Recent observations of the mean circulation on Georges Bank, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 12, 569-591, 1982.

Butman, B., Physical processes causing surficial-sediment movement, in: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 147-162, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Butman, B., J.W. Loder, and R.C. Beardsley, The seasonal mean circulation: Observation and theory, in: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 125-139, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Cacchione, D.A. and J.B. Southard, Incipient sediment movement by shoaling internal gravity waves, J. Geophys. Res., 79, 2237-2242, 1974.

Cacchione, D.A. and D.E. Drake, Measurements of storm-generated bottom stresses on the continental shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 1952-1960, 1982.

Cacchione, D.A., D.E. Drake, W.D. Grant, and G.B. Tate, Ripples scour depressions on the inner continental shelf off central California, J. Sed. Pet., 54, 1280-1291, 1984.

Cacchione, D.A., W.D. Grant, D.E. Drake, and S.M. Glenn, Storm-dominated bottom boundary layer dynamics on the northern California continental shelf: measurements and predictions, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 1817-1827, 1987.

Cacchione, D.A. and D.E. Drake, Shelf sediment transport, in: The Sea, 9, edited by B. LeMehaute and D.M. Hanes, pp. 729-774, John Wiley, New York, NY, 1990.

Cacchione, D.A., D.E. Drake, J.T. Ferreira, and G.B. Tate, Bottom stress estimates and sand transport on northern California inner continental shelf, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1273-1289, 1994.

Chang, G.C., T.D. Dickey, D.V. Manov, D.E. Sigurdson, and J.D. McNeil, Data report: Coastal mixing and optics deployment I, Internal Technical Report OPL-4-97, 44 pp, Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif., Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, 1997.

Chang, G.C., T.D. Dickey, D.V. Manov, D.E. Sigurdson, and J.D. McNeil, Data report: Coastal mixing and optics deployment II, Internal Technical Report OPL-6-97, 44 pp, Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif., Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, 1997.

Chang, G.C., T.D. Dickey, D.V. Manov, D.E. Sigurdson, and J.D. McNeil, Data report: Coastal mixing and optics deployment III, Internal Technical Report OPL-7-97, 47 pp, Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif., Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, 1997.

Chang, G.C., T.D. Dickey, D.V. Manov, D.E. Sigurdson, and J.D. McNeil, Data report: Coastal mixing and optics deployment IV, Internal Technical Report OPL-8-97, 46 pp, Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif., Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA, 1997.

Chang, G.C. and T.D. Dickey, High temporal resolution spectral absorption measurements during the Coastal Mixing and Optics experiment, J. Geophys. Res., to be submitted, 1998.

Chapman, D.C. and G. Gawarkiewicz, On the establishment of the seasonal pycnocline in the Middle Atlantic Bight, J. Phys. Ocean., 23, 2487-2492, 1993.

Chapman, D.C. and S.J. Lentz, Trapping of a coastal density front by the bottom boundary layer, J. Phys. Ocean., 24, 1464-1479, 1994.

Christoffersen, J.B. and I.G. Jonsson, Bed friction and dissipation in a combined current and wave motion, Ocean Eng., 12, 387-423, 1985.

Chung, S.P., W.D. Gardner, M.J. Richardson, I.D. Walsh, and M.R. Landry, Beam attenuation and micro-organisms: spatial and temporal variations in small particles along 140oW during the 1992 JGOFS EqPac transects, Deep-Sea Res., 43, 1205-1226, 1996.

Churchill, J.H., The effect of commercial trawling on sediment resuspension and transport over the Middle Atlantic Bight continental shelf, Cont. Shelf Res., 9, 841-864, 1989.

Churchill, J.H. and P.C. Cornillon, Gulf Stream water on the shelf and upper slope north of Cape Hatteras, Cont. Shelf. Res., 11, 409-431, 1991.

Churchill, J.H., C.D. Wirick, C.N. Flagg, and L.J. Pietrafesa, Sediment resuspension over the continental shelf of the Delmarava penisula, Deep-Sea Res., 101, 341-363, 1994.

Ciotti, A.M., J.J. Cullen, C.S. Roesler, and M.R. Lewis, The influence of phytoplankton size structure on the spectral attenuation coefficient in the upper ocean, Ocean Optics, 2963, 380-385, 1995.

Cleveland, J.S., Regional models for phytoplankton absorption as a funciton of chlorophyll a concentration, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 13,333-13,344, 1995.

Cullen, J.J., A.M. Ciotti, and M.R. Lewis, Observing biologically induced optical variability in coastal waters, SPIE Ocean Optics XII, 2258, 105-115, 1994.

Cura, J.J. Jr, Phytoplankton, in: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 213-218, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Dade, W.B., R.N. Nowell, and P.A. Jumars, Predicting erosion resistance of muds, Mar. Geol., 105, 285-297, 1992.

Davies, A.G., R.L. Soulsby, and H.L. King, A numerical model of the combined wave and current bottom boundary layer, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 491-508, 1988.

Davis, R.F., C.C. Moore, J.R.V. Zaneveld, and J.M. Napp, Reducing the effects of fouling on chlorophyll estimates derived from long-term deployments of optical instruments, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 5851-5855, 1997.

Dickey, T.D., The emergence of concurrent high-resolution physical and bio-optical measurements in the upper ocean and their applications, Rev. of Geophys., 29, 383-413, 1991.

Dickey, T.D. and J.C. Van Leer, Observations and simulation of a bottom Ekman layer on a continental shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 1983-1988, 1984.

Dickey, T., D. Frye, H. Jannasch, E. Boyle, D. Manov, D. Sigurdson, J. McNeil, M. Stramska, A. Michaels, N. Nelson, D. Siegel, G. Chang, J. Wu, and A. Knap, Preliminary results from the Bermuda Testbed Mooring Program, Deep-Sea Res., in press, 1998.

Dickey, T.D., G.C. Chang, Y.C. Agrawal, A.J. Williams, 3rd, and P.S. Hill, Sediment resuspension in the wakes of Hurricanes Edouard and Hortense, Geophys. Res. Lett., to be submitted, 1998.

Doerffer, R. and J. Fischer, Concentrations of chlorophyll, suspended matter, and gelbstuff in case II waters derived from satellite coastal zone color scanner data with inverse modeling methods, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 7457-7466, 1994.

Drake, D.E., D.A. Cacchione, and W.D. Grant, Shear stress and bed roughness estimates for combined wave and current flows over a rippled bed, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 2319-2326, 1992.

Dworski, J.G. and D.R. Jackson, Spatial and temporal variation of acoustic backscatter in the STRESS experiment, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1121-1237, 1994.

Earle, M.D. and O.S. Madsen, Waves and climate, in: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 78-86, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Everson, R., P. Cornillon, L. Sirovich, and A. Webber, An empirical eigenfunction analysis of sea surface temperatures in the western North Atlantic, J. Phys. Ocean., 27, 468-479, 1997.

Flagg, C.N., Hydrographic structure and variability, in: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 108-124, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Francisco, P.W. and N.J. McCormick, Chlorophyll concentration effects on asymptotic optical attenuation, Notes: Limnol. Oceanogr., 39, 1195-1205, 1994.

Galbraith, N., W. Ostrom, B. Way, S. Lentz, S. Anderson, M. Baumgartner, A. Plueddemann, and J. Edson, Coastal Mixing and Optics experiment mooring deployment cruise report, R/V Oceanus cruise number 284, 31 July - 11 August 1996, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Tech. Rep. WHOI-97-13, 92 pp., WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, 1997.

Gardner, W.D., I.D. Walsh, and M.J. Richardson, Biophysical forcing of particle production and distribution during a spring bloom in the North Atlantic, Deep-Sea Res., 40, 171-195, 1993.

Gardner, W.D., S.P. Chung, M.J. Richardson, and I.D. Walsh, The oceanic mixed-layer pump, Deep-Sea Res., 42, 757-775, 1995.

Garrett, C., P. Macready, and P. Rhines, Boundary mixing and arrested Ekman layers: rotating stratified flow near a sloping boundary, Ann. Rev. of Fluid Mech., 25, 291-323, 1993.

Garrison, L.E. and R.L. McMaster, Sediments and geomorphology of the continental shelf off southern New England, Mar. Geol., 4, 273-289, 1966.

Glenn, S.M. and W.D. Grant, A suspended sediment stratification correction for combined wave and current flows, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 8244-8264, 1987.

Grant, W.D. and O.S. Madsen, Combined wave and current interaction with a rough bottom, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 1797-1808, 1979.

Grant, W.D., A.J. Williams, III, and S.M. Glenn, Bottom stress estimates and their prediction on the northern California continental shelf during CODE-1: The importance of wave-current interaction, J. Phys. Ocean., 14, 506-527, 1984.

Gross, T.F., A.J. Williams, and E.A. Terray, Bottom boundary layer spectral dissipation estimates in the presence of wave motions, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1239-1256, 1994.

Hakvoort, H. and R. Doerffer, Estimation of specific absorption coefficients of turbid coastal water constituents using the AC-9 and asymptotic attenuation coefficients, SPIE Ocean Optics, 2963, 435-439, 1997.

Heathershaw, A.D., Some observations of internal wave current fluctuations at the shelf-edge and their implications for sediment transport, Cont. Shelf. Res., 4, 485-493, 1985.

Hill, P.S., C.R. Sherwood, R.W. Sternberg, and A.R.M. Nowell, In situ measurements of particle settling velocity on the northern California continental shelf, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1123-1137, 1994.

Howell, T.L. and W.S. Brown, Nonlinear internal waves on the California continental shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 7256-7264, 1985.

Iturriaga, R. and D.A. Siegel, Microphotometric characterization of phytoplankton and detrital absorption properties in the Sargasso Sea, Limnol. Oceanogr., 34, 1706-1726, 1989.

Jerlov, N.G., Optical Oceanography, 194 pp., Elsevier Publishing Company, New York, NY, 1968.

Jones, B.H., A. Bratkovich, T. Dickey, G. Kleppel, A. Steele, R. Iturriaga, and I. Haydock, Variability of physical, chemical, and biological parameters in the vicinity of an ocean outfall plume, 877-890.

Kao, T.W., F. Pan, and D. Renouard, Internal solitons on the pycnocline: generation, propagation, and shoaling and breaking over a slope, J. Fluid Mech., 159, 19-53, 1985.

Kemp, P.F., P.G. Falkowski, C.N. Flagg, W.C. Phoel, S.L. Smith, D.W.R. Wallace, and C.D. Wirick, Modeling vertical oxygen and carbon flux during stratified spring and summer conditions on the continental shelf, Middle Atlantic Bight, eastern U. S. A., Deep-Sea Res., 41, 629-655, 1994.

Kirk, J.T.O., Dependence of relationship between inherent and apparent optical properties of water on solar altitude, Limnol. Oceanogr., 29, 350-356, 1984.

Kirk, J.T.O., Monte Carlo modeling of the performance of a reflective tube absorption meter, App. Optics, 31, 6463-6468, 1992.

Kirk, J.T.O., Light and photosynthesis in aquatic ecosystems, 509 pp., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Great Britain, 1994.

Large, W.G., J.C. McWilliams, and S.C. Doney, Oceanic vertical mixing: A review and a model with a nonlocal boundary layer parameterization, Rev. of Geophys., 32, 363-403, 1994.

Lentz, S.J. and J.H. Trowbridge, The bottom boundary layer over the northern California shelf, J. Phys. Ocean., 21, 1186-1201, 1991.

Levine, M.D., L. Padman, R.D. Muench, and J.H. Morison, Internal waves and tides in the western Weddell Sea: Obwervations from Ice Station Weddell, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 1073-1089, 1997.

Lick, W., J. Lick, and C.K. Ziegler, Flocculation and its effect on the vertical transport of fine-grained sediments, Hydrobiologia, 235/236, 1-16, 1992.

Lick, W., H. Huang, and R. Jepsen, Flocculation of fine-grained sediments due to differential settling, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 10279-10288, 1993.

Lynch, J.F., J.D. Irish, C.R. Sherwood, and Y.C. Agrawal, Determining suspended sediment particle size information from acoustical and optical backscatter measurements, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1139-1165, 1994.

Lyne, V.D., B. Butman, and W.D. Grant, Sediment movement along the U. S. east coast continental shelf- I. Estimates of bottom stress using the Grant-Madsen model and near-bottom wave and current measurements, Cont. Shelf. Res., 10, 397-428, 1990.

Lyne, V.D., B. Butman, and W.D. Grant, Sediment movement along the U. S. east coast continental shelf- II. Modelling suspended sediment concentration and transport rate during storms, Cont. Shelf Res., 10, 429-460, 1990.

Madsen, O.S., L.D. Wright, J.D. Boon, and T.A. Chisholm, Wind stress, bed roughness and sediment suspension on the inner shelf during an extreme storm event, Cont. Shelf Res., 13, 1303-1324, 1993.

Maritorena, S. and N. Guillocheau, Optical properties of water and spectral light absorption by living and non-living particles and by yellow substances in coral reef waters of French Polynesia, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 131, 245-255, 1996.

Mayer, D.A., D.V. Hansen, and D.A. Ortman, Long-term current and temperature observations on the Middle Atlantic shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 1776-1792, 1979.

Millimnan, J.D., O.H. Pilkey, and D.A. Ross, Sediments of the continental margin off the eastern United States, Geol. Soc. of Amer. Bull., 83, 1315-1334, 1972.

Mitchell, B.G., R. Iturriaga, and D.A. Kiefer, Variability of particulate spectral absorption coefficients in the Eastern Pacific Ocean, SPIE Ocean Optics VII, 489, 113-118, 1984.

Mobley, C.D., Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters, 300 pp., Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1994.

National Climate Data Center, Climatic summaries for NDBC buoys and stations: update 1. Prepared for the National Data Buoy Center, National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NSTL, Mississippi, 454 pp., 1990.

Nittrouer, C.A. and L.D. Wright, Transport of particles across continental shelves, Rev. of Geophys., 32, 85-113, 1994.

Nelson, J.R. and C.Y. Robertson, Detrital spectral absorption: Laboratory studies of visible light effects on phytodetritus absorption, bacterial spectral signal, and comparison to field measurements, J. Mar. Res., 51, 181-207, 1993.

O'Reilly, J.E., C. Evans-Zetlin, and D.A. Busch, Primary production, In: Georges Bank, edited by R.H. Backus, pp. 220-233, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

Ou, H.W., R.C. Beardsley, D. Mayer, W.C. Boicourt, and B. Butman, An analysis of subtidal current fluctuations in the Middle Atlantic Bight, J. Phys. Ocean., 11, 1383-1392, 1981.

Parmenter, C.M., M.H. Bothner, and B. Butman, Characteristics of resuspended sediment from Georges Bank collected with a sediment trap, Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 17, 521-533, 1983.

Pegau, W.S. and J.R.V. Zaneveld, Temperature-dependent absorption of water in the red and near-infrared portions of the spectrum, Limnol. Oceanogr., 38, 188-192, 1993.

Pegau, W.S., J.S. Cleveland, W. Doss, C.D. Kennedy, R.A. Maffione, J.L. Mueller, R. Stone, C.C. Trees, A.D. Weidemann, W.H. Wells, and J.R.V. Zaneveld, A comparison of methods of the measurement of the absorption coefficient in natural waters, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 13,201-13,220, 1995.

Pegau, W.S., R.V. Zaneveld, and K.J. Voss, Toward closure of the inherent optical properties of natural waters, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 13,193-13,199, 1995.

Petrenko, A.A., Detection and characterization of the Sand Island, HI sewage plume, Ph.D. Dissertation, 99 pp., University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Cal., 1997.

Petrenko, A.A., B.H. Jones, T.D. Dickey, M. LeHaitre, and C. Moore, Effects of a sewage plume on the biology, optical characteristics, and particle size distributions of coastal waters, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 25061-25071, 1997.

Petrenko, A.A., B.H. Jones, and T.D. Dickey, Shape and near-field dilution of the Sand Island sewage plume: observations compared to model results, J. of Hydr. Eng., in press, 1998.

Petrenko, A.A., B.H. Jones, T.D. Dickey, and P. Hamilton, Internal tidal effects on sewage plume near Sand Island, HI, Cont. Shelf Res., in press, 1998.

Prezelin, B.B., Light reactions in photosynthesis, in: Physiological Bases of Phytoplankton Ecology, edited by T. Platt, pp. 1-43, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, 1981.

Prezelin, B.B. and N.B. Nelson, The formation of ATP and reducing power in the light, in: Plant Metabolism, edited by D.T. Dennis, D.H. Turpin, D.D. Lefebvre, and D.B. Layzell, pp. 274-285, Longman Scientific and Technical, Essex, England, 1997.

Roesler, C.S., M.J. Perry, and K.L. Carder, Modeling in situ phytoplankton absorption from total absorption spectra in productive inland marine waters, Limnol. Oceanogr., 34, 1510-1523, 1989.

Roesler, C.S. and J.R.V. Zaneveld, High resolution vertical profiles of spectral absorption, attenuation, and scattering coefficients in highly stratified waters, Ocean Optics XII, 2258, 309-319, 1994.

Sagan, S., A.R. Weeks, I.S. Robinson, G.F. Moore, and J. Aiken, The relationship between beam attenuation and chlorophyll concentration and reflectance in Antarctic waters, Deep-Sea Res., 42, 983-996, 1995.

Sandstrom, H. and J.A. Elliott, Internal tide and solitons on the Scotian Shelf: A nutrient pump at work, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 6415-6426, 1984.

Sanford, L.P. and W.D. Grant, Dissipation of internal wave energy in the bottom boundary layer on the continental shelf, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 1828-1844, 1987.

Sherwood, C.R., B. Butman, D.A. Cacchione, D.E. Drake, T.F. Gross, R.W. Sternberg, P.L. Wiberg, and A.J. Williams III, Sediment-transport events on the northern California continental shelf during the 1990-1991 STRESS experiment, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1063-1099, 1994.

Shifrin, K.S., Physical optics of ocean water, 285 pp., American Institute of Physics, New York, NY, 1988.

Siegel, D.A., T.D. Dickey, L. Washburn, M.K. Hamilton, and B.G. Mitchell, Optical determination of particulate abundance and production variations in the oligotrophic ocean, Deep-Sea Res., 36, 211-222, 1989.

Siegel, D.A., A.F. Michaels, J.C. Sorenson, M.C. O'Brien, and M.A. Hammer, Seasonal variability of light availability and utilization in the Sargasso Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 8695-8713, 1995.

Siegel, D.A., A.F. Michaels, J.C. Sorenson, M.C. O'Brien, and M.A. Hammer, Seasonal variability of light availability and utilization in the Sargasso Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 8695-8713, 1995.

Smith, R.C. and K.S. Baker, Optical properties of the clearest of natural water, Applied Optics, 20, 177-184, 1981.

Smith, R.C. and K.S. Baker, The analysis of ocean optical data, SPIE Ocean Optics VII, 489, 119-126, 1984.

Smith, R.C., C.R. Booth, and J.L. Star, Oceanographic biooptical profiling system, App. Optics, 23, 2791-2797, 1984.

Soulsby, R.L., L. Hamm, G. Klopman, D. Myrhaug, R.R. Simons, and G.P. Thomas, Wave-current interaction within and outside the bottom boundary layer, Coastal Eng., 21, 41-69, 1993.

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Spinrad, R.W., Use of the specific beam attenuation coefficient for identification of suspended particulate material, Ocean Optics VIII, 637, 135-140, 1986.

Stolzenbach, K.D., K.A. Newman, and C.S. Wong, Aggregation of fine particles at the sediment-water interface, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 17,889-17,898, 1992.

Syvitski, J.P.M., K.W. Asprey, and D.E. Heffler, The floc camera: A three-dimensional imaging system of suspended particulate matter, in: Microstructure of Fine-Grained Sediments, edited by R.H. Bennett, W.R. Bryant, and M.H. Hulbert, Springer-Verlag, pp. 281-289, New York, NY, 1991.

Terrie, G., S. Ladner, and R. Gould, Effects of suspended sediment concentration on the absorption and scattering coefficients, SPIE Ocean Optics, 2963, 549-553, 1994.

Tennekes, H., and J.L. Lumley, A First Course in Turbulence, 300 pp., The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1972.

Thompson, D.R. and D.L. Porter, SAR and AVHRR observations during 1996 of Hurricanes Edouard and Hortense, Rep. JHU/APL SRO-97M-19, 21 pp., Appl. Phys. Lab., Johns Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD, 1997.

Thwaites, F.T. and A.J. Williams, 3rd, New current meter development, Sea Technology, 38, 108-112, 1997.

Trowbridge, J. and O.S. Madsen, Turbulent wave boundary layers 1. Model formulation and first-order solution, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 7989-7997, 1984.

Trowbridge, J. and O.S. Madsen, Turbulent wave boundary layers 2. Second-order theory and mass transport, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 7999-8007, 1984.

Trowbridge, J.H., B. Butman, and R. Limeburner, Characteristics of the near-bottom suspended sediment field over the continental shelf off northern California based on optical attenuation measurements during STRESS and SMILE, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1257-1272, 1994.

Trowbridge, J.H. and A.R.M. Nowell, An introduction to the Sediment TRansport Events on Shelves and Slopes (STRESS) program, Cont. Shelf Res., 14, 1057-1061, 1994.

Twichell, D.C., C.E. McClennen, and B. Butman, Morphology and processes associated with the accumulation of the fine-grain sediment deposit on the southern New England shelf, J. Sed. Pet., 51, 269-280, 1981.

Twichell, D.C., B. Butman, and R.S. Lewis, Shallow structure, surficial geology, and the processes currently shaping the bank, in: Georges Bank, editor R.H. Backus, pp. 31-37, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1987.

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